Protect your building, equipment and employees with an expertly designed, installed and maintained Sprinkler System.
A fire sprinkler or sprinkler head is the component of a fire sprinkler system that discharges water when the effects of a fire have been detected, such as when a predetermined temperature has been exceeded. Fire sprinklers are extensively used worldwide, with over 40 million sprinkler heads fitted each year. In buildings protected by properly designed and maintained fire sprinklers, over 99% of fires were controlled by fire sprinklers alone
There are several types of sprinklers:
- Quick response
- Standard response
- CMSA (control mode specific application)
- ESFR (early suppression fast response)
Fire systems are important for your business or residential assets and building. More important is the safety of your employees, customers, vendors, visitors, and family. Absolute Protective Systems, Inc. also offers fire protection for specific applications. We will evaluate your site and offer solutions to meet all needs of water-based and suppression solutions. No project is too big or too small. No project is too complex.
Fire Sprinkler INstallation
Our fire sprinkler systems and solutions will meet or exceed all applicable fire codes and insurance requirements. Absolute Protective Systems, Inc. is committed to a safe environment for your commercial or residential space.
Sprinkler systems are intended to either control the fire or to suppress the fire. Control mode sprinklers are intended to control the heat release rate of the fire to prevent building structure collapse, and pre-wet the surrounding combustibles to prevent fire spread. The fire is not extinguished until the burning combustibles are exhausted or manual extinguishment is effected by firefighters. Suppression mode sprinklers (also known as Early Suppression Fast Response (ESFR) sprinklers) are intended to result in a severe sudden reduction of the heat release rate of the fire, followed quickly by complete extinguishment, prior to manual intervention.
Fire Sprinkler Design
Most sprinkler systems installed today are designed using an area and density approach. First the building use and building contents are analyzed to determine the level of fire hazard. Usually buildings are classified as light hazard, ordinary hazard group 1, ordinary hazard group 2, extra hazard group 1, or extra hazard group 2. After determining the classification, a design area and density can be determined by National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) standards. The design area is an area of the building representing the worst case area where a fire could burn. The design density is a measurement of how much water per square foot of floor area should be applied to the design area.
After the design area and density have been determined, calculations are performed to prove that the system can deliver the required amount of water over the required design area. These calculations account for all of the pressure that is lost or gained between the water supply source and the sprinklers that would operate in the design area. This includes pressure losses due to friction inside the piping and losses or gains due to elevation differences between the source and the discharging sprinklers. Sometimes momentum pressure from water velocity inside the piping is also calculated.
Fire Sprinkler Applications
Sprinkler systems in residential structures are becoming more common as the cost of such systems becomes more practical and the benefits become more obvious. A commercial sprinkler system is designed to protect the structure and the occupants from a fire. Most residential sprinkler systems are primarily designed to suppress a fire in such a way to allow for the safe escape of the building occupants. While these systems will often also protect the structure from major fire damage, this is a secondary. In residential structures sprinklers are often omitted from closets, bathrooms, balconies, garages and attics because a fire in these areas would not usually impact the occupant’s escape route.